What is Periodontal Disease ?
Many adults in the United States may have some form in either the early or more advanced stages of periodontal or gum disease. Symptoms can be subtle at first but do not ignore them. Periodontitus is a serious disease and can result in major damage to gums and the bones that support your teeth. Because our mouths are full of bacteria, they are constantly exposed to plaque. Plaque exists on the surface and, if not properly removed by daly brushing and flossing, can result in tartar. Tartar is essentially hardened plaque that is not easily removed. It is the reason why all of us must go to the dentist regularly to have a professional dental hygienist remove it.
When tartar and plaque are left on your teeth, they become more harmful. Your gums may start to feel swollen or appear red, your gums may also become very sensitive. This is the beginning stage of periodontitis and is called gingivitis. At this point, by properly caring for your teeth daily and having a dentist treat your teeth you may be able to reverse the onset of periodontitis. BUT when not treated, you are at risk for infection, loose teeth or worse, a tooth that will fall out.
Some of the Risk Factors are:
- cancer or other diseases
If you are in your 30’s to 40’s you are at risk.
Signs of Gum Disease or Periodontal Disease Include:
- bad breath
- swollen, tender, red or bleeding gums
- pain when eating or increased sensitivity
- loose teeth or a receding gum-line